Martti Muukkonen, ThD, MSS
process of European unification it is inevitable that different
‘self-evidences’ of European people will clash to some extent. Therefore it is
important to understand why people in different parts of
Theoretically the paper utilises theories of Turner&Killian and Berger&Luckman as well as Geertz. All they emphasise the role of value-systems in decision-making processes. Esping-Andersen created his thesis of three welfare-regimes, which is utilised in the second part of the paper. Finally, Polanyi’s thesis of double-movement is useful in analysing the possible future trends that globalisation might cause.
part of this paper will shortly examine how the European social thought was
born from its Oriental roots and how this Oriental co-operative thinking was
combined with Hellene competitive thinking. It is argued that a tension between
these models of thinking can be seen through European history and how they
exist still in today’s political thought. Further, it is examined how
The second part analyses European welfare-regimes from religious point of view. It shows how social doctrines of various churches were implemented in Continental (Catholic), Nordic (Lutheran) and Anglo-Saxon (Anglican-Calvinist) welfare models.
part focuses on the present-day re-unification of